European Commission
In the context of a global reduction of emissions from the transportation sector, the decarbonization of the mid and heavy-duty (HD) truck fleets, such as those used for the transportation of goods from logistic centers to urban-based retail outlets but also those used in long-haul services represents a major challenge. For the various needs linked to payloads and urban/suburban access requirements, the 19 to 44 (gross weight) tons range is meeting the expectations of the truck market. Furthermore, urban areas are increasingly facing air quality degradation through, amongst other contributors, delivery trucks equipped with ICE technologies and emitting local pollutants, e.g. particulates, NOx and noise. Consequently, an increasing number of cities across Europe have decided or are in the process of deciding, to restrict access to urban areas of diesel fueled HD vehicles.